Transition words and phrases: Usage in academic writing

Transition words are an important aspect of academic language that students must use in their works to demonstrate their proficient writing skills. The following list presents some examples of these essential lexical units that will make your essay look more sophisticated and professional!

This paragraph will contain the transition words and phrases intended to express one’s agreement or addition to a particular point:

  • In the first place
  • Initially
  • As a matter of fact
  • In addition (additionally)
  • Equally important
  • Identically
  • Likewise
  • Correspondingly
  • Furthermore
  • Moreover

It is often necessary to compare and contrast some points of an essay. The following transition words help writers to make their oppositions rather distinct and separate:

  • In contrast
  • On the contrary
  • Above all
  • In reality
  • Albeit
  • Although
  • Despite
  • Otherwise
  • However
  • Nevertheless (nonetheless, notwithstanding)

The next set of lexical units is designed to address a particular condition, cause, or purpose of some action. It is important to realize that an excessive diversity of such transition words and phrases makes a writer’s language look more professional and academic.

  • Inasmuch as
  • Owing to
  • With this intention
  • In view of
  • Granted that
  • Due to
  • Since
  • Unless
  • In the hope that
  • In order to

Academic English requires scholars to be especially creative when it comes to examples and emphasis of arguable claims. It is never an appropriate choice to use popular clichés in such a writing style. Therefore, it would be advantageous to extend one’s vocabulary before working on a paper by simple reviewing the following transition words:

  • In general (generally)
  • In fact (factually)
  • In particular (particularly)
  • For instance
  • For example
  • To emphasize
  • To enumerate
  • To clarify
  • In detail
  • To repeat
  • Explicitly
  • Especially
  • Frequently
  • Significantly
  • Surprisingly
  • Notably
  • Indeed
  • Certainly
  • On the positive (negative) side
  • Markedly

Writers face the need to articulate a specific result or consequence of the actions that they describe. In order to do this, one can use the next set of words. These lexical units help students to separate the part where they explain the effects from the context leading to these measures.

  • Under these (those, any, no, etc.) circumstances
  • As a result
  • Thus
  • Hence (henceforth)
  • Therefore
  • In accordance with (accordingly)
  • Forthwith
  • Consequently
  • In effect
  • Thereupon

Concluding sentences are of paramount importance for any paper that investigates some problem or popular opinion. These paragraphs or lines state the final idea of the entire work and make the purpose and further action of the previous discussions and findings clear. Hence, the list of the following transition words and phrases demonstrates some examples of introducing a summarization, restatement, and, indeed, conclusion:

  • Generally speaking
  • In summary
  • In conclusion
  • Altogether
  • In fact
  • In essence
  • In either case
  • Definitely
  • Ultimately
  • On balance

The sequence of particular events, their chronology, and the statement of time puts all elements of the text to their places and makes its presentation rather logical and complete. Therefore, the next set of the lexical units will help people that gain their experience in academic writing show more professional skills and contributions to their papers:

  • Up to the present time
  • In the meantime
  • Immediately
  • Formerly
  • Shortly
  • Suddenly
  • Occasionally
  • Instantly
  • Presently
  • Whenever

Finally, the last section will contain the examples of transition words and phrases that are critical to use if one desires to identify a specific space, place, or location in their academic writing:

  • In the foreground (background)
  • Adjacent to
  • Further
  • Alongside
  • Wherever
  • Beyond
  • Amid
  • Among
  • Nearby
  • Beneath

The vocabulary above appears to be a useful tool for inexperienced academic writers that strive to demonstrate their potential to a certain audience or professor. One must use transition words and phrases following the frequency of one lexical unit per 2-3 sentences. If this technique is applied, you can expect a significantly higher grade.